Pledges on a Country-by-Country Basis
Bernard RiversArticle Type:
Article Number: 4
ABSTRACT At yesterday's Replenishment meeting, donors agreed to state that they had pledged a total of $3.7 billion for 2006+7. However, by the end of yesterday they had not reached final agreement on how to describe which country had pledged how much. Accordingly, GFO provides its own country-by-country compilation. This also compares each country's pledge with how much that country was called upon to provide in the recent "Urgent International Appeal for Full Funding of the Global Fund."
At yesterday’s Replenishment meeting, donors agreed to state that they had pledged a total of $3.7 billion for 2006+7. However, by the end of yesterday they had not reached final agreement on how to describe which country had pledged how much.
The following table is GFO’s own compilation of what was pledged by each country. Absolute
accuracy is not guaranteed, because GFO was not granted observer status at the meeting; the numbers in Column E below were therefore compiled by interviewing people who were present in the room. Pledges not made in dollars have been converted at exchange rates that applied yesterday.
The total pledge for 2006+7 is shown below as $3.3 billion rather than $3.7 billion, because the $3.7 billion total that donors agreed to cite was based in part on estimates for some of the “missing numbers”, such as the Canadian pledge that will not be announced for a few more days. The final official table is expected to be posted soon at www.theglobalfund.org.
Over the past few weeks, NGOs have circulated an “Urgent International Appeal for Full Funding of the Global Fund.” By the cutoff date of 3 September, this had been signed by 507 organizations in 87 countries, and by a number of prominent persons including Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, South Africa; Bono, lead singer of U2 and co-founder of DATA; Stephen Lewis, Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa of the UN Secretary-General Canada; Zachie Achmat, Chair, Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), South Africa; and Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland.
The International Appeal included a table specifying the precise amount that NGOs were asking each donor country to contribute in order to achieve the total need that the Fund has specified. This is shown in column D below. Column G below shows what percentage of this “fair share” each country ended up pledging. Those countries that came the closest to their “fair share” were France (94%) and the UK (92%).
Pledges made to the Global Fund, USD millions
|Donor||Average annual pledge during 2002-4||2005 pledge||NGO-proposed ‘fair share’ pledge for 2006+7||Actual pledge made 6 Sept 05 for 2006+7||Pledge for 2006+7 as % of current total pledge||Pledge for 2006+7 as % of ‘fair share’|
|United States||361||435||2,600||600 a||18%||23%|
|European Commission||151||70||715||113 c||3%||16%|
|Japan||87||100 f||725||500 e||15%||69%|
|Korea (Rep. of)||0.5||0||20||0||0%||0%|
|Foundations, Private sector||53||0||25||0||0%||0%|
- The US pledged to give a minimum of $300 m. in 2006 and $300 m. in 2007. However, the House has already proposed increasing the 2006 amount to $400 m. and the Senate has proposed increasing it to $600 m. The final 2006 number will be resolved later this month. Possible increases to the 2007 amount will not be known until well into 2006.
- Elections are about to take place in Germany. This number may be increased later this year.
- This number reflects 2006 only, and may be increased. The 2007 number will not be known for some time.
- Canada’s pledges for 2006 and 2007 will be announced within two weeks.
- Japan’s pledge of $500 m. is for “the coming years.” Most observers believe that the pledge will be spread over the two years 2006+7, but it is possible that it will be spread over more years than that.
- This includes an additional $18 m. pledged by Japan yesterday to help with the 2005 shortfall.