Glossary

AMFm(Affordable Medicine Facility – malaria): a mechanism designed to expand access to affordable artemisinin combination therapies (ACT) for malaria through the private sector with subsidised drugs. Established as a pilot project in 2010 and to be discontinued as a stand-alone mechanism at the end of 2013.

Contribution: the actual amount of money a donor contributes to the Global Fund.

Debt2Health: a mechanism established by the Global Fund whereby a lending country forgives an amount of debt owed by a borrowing country on the condition that the borrowing country invest a portion of the amount in question, usually 50%, to its national programmes for HIV, TB or malaria, through the Global Fund. The investment can also be made to the national disease programmes of a third country.

Economic classification: a system used by the World Bank to classify economies (usually countries) by income level. Based on its gross national income per capita, every economy is classified as low-income, middle-income (subdivided into lower-middle and upper-middle), or high-income.

Gross national income: total value of goods and services produced within a country (i.e. its gross domestic product), together with income received from other countries (notably interest and dividends), less similar payments made to other countries. GNI per capita is the country’s GNI divided by the country’s population.

Pledge: the amount of money a donor says it will donate to the Global Fund.