Important New Data Released Regarding People Needing ARV Treatment

1. NEWS
17 Sep 2008

Until recently, there was no publicly available data regarding how many people within each country need ARV treatment, or regarding how many of those people are receiving it. (Such information was available at a global level but not at a country level.) This made it hard to determine which countries are most in need of "scaling up" regarding the provision of ARV treatment, through Global Fund support or otherwise.

However, this specific information, along with much other health data, is now available at www.GlobalHealthFacts.org. This helpful site was created by the Kaiser Family Foundation, and is based upon data compiled by a number of international organizations. The value of the site is that all the data has been pulled together and can be accessed through a simple interface.

In the table below, we give examples of the forms of data that the site provides regarding a sample country, Kenya.

There are two ways in which users can see the data shown below. The first option is to go to www.GlobalHealthFacts.org/factsheets_custom.jsp and specify which country and which indicators one wants to see. The second option is to go to www.aidspan.org/grants (note: Aidspan is publisher of GFO) and specify which country one wants to see, and then choose the option for "Country-Specific Data Sheet on HIV, TB and malaria from www.GlobalHealthFacts.org". In the latter case, one doesn't have to choose indicators - the table shows all indicators. In both cases, one can then download the data to a spreadsheet or to a PDF file.

 

Indicator

(Data regarding each indicator is provided at www.GlobalHealthFacts.org for all countries in the world)

As of

Data for Kenya

(This is provided to illustrate what is available for any country)

HIV/AIDS

 

 

People Living with HIV/AIDS

2007

1,500,000-2,000,000

Adults Living with HIV/AIDS

2007

1,400,000-1,800,000

Adult HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate

2007

7.1-8.5%

Men Living with HIV/AIDS

 

NA

Women Living with HIV/AIDS

 

NA

Children Living with HIV/AIDS

2007

130,000-180,000

AIDS Deaths [annual]

2007

85,000-130,000

AIDS Orphans

2007

990,000-1,400,000

ARV Need [i.e. people needing treatment - many of whom do not know they have HIV]

2007

470,000

ARV Treatment [i.e. people receiving treatment]

Dec. 2007

177,000

ARV Coverage Rate

Dec. 2007

38%

TB

 

 

New TB Cases

2006

140,548

New TB Smear Positive Cases

2006

55,934

New TB Case Rate

2006

384 per 100,000

TB Smear Positive Case Rate

2006

153 per 100,000

People living with TB

2006

122,126

TB Prevalence Rate

2006

334 per 100,000

TB Deaths (annual)

2006

26,278

[Plus 11 more indicators]

 

 

Malaria

 

 

Malaria Cases

2002

124,197

Malaria Case Rate

2002

3.94 per 1,000

Malaria Deaths [annual]

2002

135

Other Diseases, Conditions, & Risk Indicators

 

 

Percent Without Water

2004

39%

Access to Sanitation

2004

43%

Population Undernourished

2001-2003

31%

Low Birthweight Babies

NA

10%

[Plus 5 more indicators]

 

 

Programs, Funding, & Financing

 

 

PEPFAR Funding

FY 2007

$368,129,182

PEPFAR ARV Treatment [i.e. people receiving ARV treatment that is funded in part by PEPFAR]

31-Mar-08

192,100

Global Fund Grants for HIV/AIDS

21-Jul-08

Yes

Global Fund Grants for TB

21-Jul-08

Yes

Global Fund Grants for Malaria

21-Jul-08

Yes

Global Fund Disbursements

21-Jul-08

$160,144,081

Global Fund ARV Treatment [i.e. people receiving ARV treatment that is funded in part by the Global Fund]

01-Dec-07

166,379

Health Expenditure Per Capita

2003

$65

Total Expenditure on Health [as % of GDP]

2004

4.1%

Gov't Health Expenditure as % of Total Gov't Expenditure

2004

8.2%

Gov't Health Expenditure as % of Total Health Expenditure

2004

42.7%

[Plus 5 more indicators]

 

 

Health Workforce & Capacity

 

 

Physicians

2002

0.14 per 1,000

Nurses

2002

1.18 per 1,000

Community Health Workers

 

NA

Midwives

 

NA

Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel

2003

42%

Hospital Beds

2002

19 per 10,000

Demography & Population

 

 

Population

2007

36,913,721

Women

2005

16,600,000

Median Age

2007

18.6

Population Under Age 15

2007

42%

[Plus 18 more indicators]

 

 

Income & The Economy

 

 

GDP Per Capita

2006 est.

$1,200

Population Below $1 a Day

1997

22.8%

[Plus 2 more indicators]

 

 

Notes:

  1. The data provided at www.GlobalHealthFacts.org is obtained by the Kaiser Family Foundation from UN and other international entities.
  2. Explanatory comments in square brackets above are provided by GFO.
  3. Another source of data on each country is the WHO's epidemiological facts sheets on HIV/AIDS, accessible at www.who.int/GlobalAtlas/predefinedReports/EFS2008/index.asp. Access to these fact sheets is also provided via www.aidspan.org/grants.

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